Barasertib (AZD1152)

Mechanism of action: Aurora B serine/threonine kinase inhibitor

Preclinical pharmacology

AZD1152 is a dihydrogen phosphate prodrug of a pyrazoloquinazoline Aurora kinase inhibitor [AZD1152–hydroxyquinazoline pyrazol anilide (HQPA)] and is converted rapidly to the active AZD1152-HQPA in plasma.

AZD1152-HQPA is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of Aurora B (Ki, 0.36nmol/L) compared with Aurora A (Ki, 1,369nmol/L) and has a high specificity versus a panel of 50 other kinases.

Consistent with inhibition of Aurora B kinase, addition of AZD1152-HQPA to tumour cells in vitro induces chromosome misalignment, prevents cell division, and consequently reduces cell viability and induces apoptosis.

AZD1152 potently inhibited the growth of human colon, lung, and haematologic tumour xenografts (mean tumour growth inhibition range, 55% to ≥100%; P < 0.05) in immunodeficient mice. Detailed pharmacodynamic analysis in colorectal SW620 tumour-bearing athymic rats treated i.v. with AZD1152 revealed a temporal sequence of phenotypic events in tumours: transient suppression of histone H3 phosphorylation followed by accumulation of 4N DNA in cells (2.4-fold higher compared with controls) and then an increased proportion of polyploid cells (>4N DNA, 2.3-fold higher compared with controls). Histologic analysis showed aberrant cell division that was concurrent with an increase in apoptosis in AZD1152-treated tumours. Bone marrow analyses revealed transient myelosuppression with the drug that was fully reversible following cessation of AZD1152 treatment.

Additional Information

Clinical Trials for this compound

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Publications for this compound

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Clinical Cancer Research

AZD1152, a Selective Inhibitor of Aurora B Kinase, Inhibits Human Tumor Xenograft Growth by Inducing Apoptosis

AZD1152, a novel and selective aurora B kinase inhibitor, induces growth arrest, apoptosis, and sensitization for tubulin depolymerizing agent or topoisomerase II inhibitor in human acute leukemia cells in vitro and in vivo

Gene information from the NCBi

This compound works on the following genes: